Rats, Squirrel, Mole and Mice Control Methods, Repellent and Extermination Tips
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In all of history, rodents and humans have lived side by side. These rodents have thrived and flourished greatly. However their existence and feeding attitude, especially being omnivorous makes living around us their best bet.
This has come at a cost to us. A lot of diseases results from their scratch and bites, droppings and urine among others.
So how do you stop rodent infestation? These articles discuss the best rodent control measures you can adopt to keep your space free.
- How to get rid of chipmunks
- How to get rid of mice
- How to get rid of moles
- How to get rid of rats
- How to get rid of ground squirrels
- How to get rid of squirrels
- How to get rid of voles
- How to get rid of possums
- How to get rid of skunks
What are the Root Causes of Rodent Infestation?
In trying to rid your home of rodents, this is an important question to ask. Applying treatment measures without diligent inspection will only solve the effects leaving out the causes. Results obtained from such treatments do not last. The rodents soon return in full force.
Rodent infestation may be caused by one or multiple factors. Your neighborhood may be infested or you may have encouraged this infestation yourself by keeping food in the open and poor sanitary conditions (such as keeping a dirty environment). Also, there may be water leakages in addition to similar causes. This is an open invitation for rodents to storm your home.
Major Stages of Rodent Control
Rodent control falls under different stages. These consist mainly of prevention, identification and treatment. To have greater control over rodents, let’s discuss each of these points;
- Rodent Prevention
Rodent invasion is common in rodent infested neighborhoods. The threat of an invasion is greatly increased if there are open entry points they can use to migrate into your home. Apart from transmitting diseases to humans, rodents are known to cause major damage to property if not urgently checked.
There are several factors that contribute to attracting these pests into your home. Some of these include bad sanitation practices. This includes keeping food in the open, keeping vegetables and fruits in the open, keeping trash cans without covers in addition to having leaky pipes. These are ready sources of food to rats and mice.
Preventive measures include keeping food in sealed containers. Those which are perishable can be stored in the refrigerator. It is important that food crumbs should be swept off immediately after eating or cooking. This discourages breeding as there will be little or no source of food.
- Blocking Access Points
In order to check rodent infestation, it is necessary to immediately seal all likely entry points into your home. This includes cracks and holes on the walls that could act as breeding nests. Others are doors with gaps underneath and at the sides. If there are leaky pipes around your property, you should fix that as quickly as you can.
In addition to these, there are still other likely channels of entry that should be investigated and immediately sealed off or repaired. Wherever there is an opening, it will likely serve as a passageway to your house. Holes around appliance pipes and sinks can easily serve as access points.
It is not hard to detect if there is a rodent infestation of your property. Some of the earliest signs include rat droppings and scratches or gnawing marks on wooden furniture. Rat and mice droppings are mostly found food. The kitchen is the main area to find these. Sinks and cabinets also provide rats and mice hiding places.
These rats are highly nocturnal. You may accidentally discover by finding them busy or you may deliberately choose to monitor their activities in the night by putting on the lights. If you notice any of these signs, then you have an infestation on your hand which requires urgent control measures.
- Rodent Control/Treatment
There are several types of treatment you can adopt. You can either choose to use a combination of these methods or you may restrict yourself to a particle rodent control measure. Some of the most common include the introduction of natural predators, use of traps, and the use of rodenticides. These are also classified into DIY (Do-it-Yourself) and non DIY methods.
Let’s consider each of these;
DIY Rodent Control Methods
Using DIY methods of rodent control, you should understand that rats are very adaptable. You may find out that a particular strategy such as the use of traps is not effective. This can be frustrating to anyone needing to rid their homes of these pests. DIY methods are best when the infestation level is not full blown.
However, this method can still be used depending on choice. They include the following;
- Encouraging Natural Predators
This is mainly a preventive treatment you can use. It involves buying a cat which has been in use for generations as well as attracting hawks and owls within your neighborhood. These are great rodent hunters that will significantly depopulate the rat and mice around within your surroundings. This will automatically result in less cases of rodent infestation.
How can you encourage natural predators then? You can do this by building nesting boxes and locating these in strategic breeding and migration routes.
- Using Peanut Butter with Boric Acid (Rat Poison)
This is a toxic remedy for rat infestation you can use. All you need to do is to mix a cup of peanut butter with half a cup of boric acid. This should be made into small balls and placed in the most infested areas. This is an effective remedy that poisons and drives them out. However, this method should only be used where there are no kids/children. It is highly poisonous and could cause harm to kids.
- Empty your Garbage Everyday
This is may seem harmless especially if it doesn’t smell. However, this is a major attraction for rodents. You should ensure that your garbage is emptied on a daily basis to avoid a build-up of dirt that not only attracts rodents, but may cause illnesses as well.
- Use of Electronic Gadgets
High frequency gadgets are rodent control inventions that have proven to be quite effective. These sound devices are loud and create discomfort to rodents. Never mind if you are thinking about how these loud sounding gadgets will with while you and your family are around. High frequency sound devices emit sounds not audible to the human ear.
This means that you can go about your business while these pests are set in disarray. This option is also safe as they are powered by batteries.
- Use of Traps
Using mouse traps as a rodent control measure is one of the most popular methods. These consist of 2 major types; mechanical devices which use bait to lure rodents, and glue traps which traps mice/rats once they step on it. There are also electric traps that shock once stepped on. These are also powered by batteries.
Depending on the severity of infestation, you may choose to use multiple DIY rodent control methods or just one to rid your home of these unwanted pests.
- Use of Rodenticides
While the use of rodenticides is very effective, there are lots of other factors to consider. Rodenticides can be dangerous if you have children around. Rats may die in hard to reach areas. This results in a lot of smell that may persist for long. This is not the best option to use if your keep pets. Your pets may end up eating dead rats that may also lead to their death.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using DIY Rodent Control Methods
Using this strategy to eliminate rodents is cheaper than non DIY methods of rodent control. However you will need to do the entire job by figuring out the root causes of infestation as well as the best treatment method(s) to adopt for your home.
The disadvantage of this method of rodent control is that it may not be effective. Many times a lot of people end up hiring the services of pest control companies after trying many times to rid their homes of rodents. There is also the danger of poisoning your kids and pets who may get in contact with dead rats or with these poisons.
After killing these rats, you need to carefully clean up. This is because rodents harbor diseases that are contagious. You should ensure that you put on gloves whenever you are disposing dead rats, trap and droppings. You should keep a disinfectant handy. This should be sprayed dead rodents to reduce chances of contacting contagious diseases.
Before disposal, the rodents should be put in a plastic bag.
The disinfectant should also be sprayed on the area surrounding the dead rat, and also cleaned thoroughly. Washing your hands properly with soap and water is highly recommended.
Non DIY Rodent Control Methods
This method of pest control is provided by professionals with years of experience in providing cutting edge solutions to pest problems. There are several reputable pest control companies.
Some of these include Orkin and Terminix. These pest experts provides with you with comprehensive pest treatments. The level of rodent infestation is first assessed. This is done to determine the best treatment methods to adopt.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Non DIY Rodent Pest Control Methods
The advantages are obvious. The pest control companies send experts to assess the problem. Here, rodent control starts from the root cause which may be around your environment among others. A comprehensive treatment is provided for lasting solutions. The common disadvantage is the cost implications. Although this is a more costly option, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
Rodent control involves the adoption of several strategies. Your choice of a particular control method largely depends on your specific needs.
When there is full blown rodent infestation, most people prefer the services of rodent extermination companies. These offer both residential and commercial rodent control services. With several mice, rats, squirrel and other rodent removal options to choose from, the choice is entirely up to you.